The aim of the Degree Course in Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Parma is to train junior engineers with a solid background in mathematics, physics and chemistry and basic skills in civil and environmental engineering. In order to be admitted to the course of study, students must have a High School Diploma or another qualification obtained abroad recognised as suitable. A good knowledge of the spoken and written Italian language, reasoning skills, knowledge and ability to use the main results of elementary mathematics and the fundamentals of the experimental sciences are required. Bearing in mind the current system of studies, which is divided into two levels, the degree course aims to balance the needs of two parallel training courses, one aimed at those who aim only at obtaining a Bachelor's degree, the other at those who intend to continue towards a Master's degree. Since there is a Master's degree in Civil Engineering (class LM-23) and a Master's degree in Land and Environmental Engineering (class LM-35) at the University of Parma, the course provides a common preparation that allows access to these Master's degree courses without training debts and with a logical sequence of preparatory courses. Moreover, in order to characterise professional training already in the three-year course, two curricula (civil and environmental) are foreseen in the third year of the course. The ample space dedicated to basic subjects provides those who will continue their studies with an adequate preparation in physics and mathematics, and a methodology for the study of technical-scientific disciplines. The professional subjects provide an extensive body of knowledge about the design, realization, maintenance and management of simple public buildings and road and hydraulic infrastructures, waste treatment and applied geology, and territorial information systems. The teaching approach of the characterising disciplines aims at forming a methodological approach to the solution of engineering problems; in order to take into account the interdisciplinary context typical of an engineer's activity, the course also aims at educating the ability to operate both autonomously and within a work team. Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry account for about 30% of the total credits and are distributed in the are distributed over the 1st and 2nd year in order to allow students to assimilate the study contents for sufficient time and to structure the courses so as to respect their correct logical sequence. During this time, students also receive instruction in basic computer science skills and in English. At the same time, by following the proper sequence, students acquire basic civil and environmental engineering knowledge (in Hydraulics, Construction Science, Technical Drawing, and Geotechnics), supplemented by the interrelated subjects on energy issues and Material Science, to fulfil the educational goals of the programme. Finally, especially in the 3rd year, students tackle the professional engineering subjects in the field of Civil (Construction Technology, Road and Railway Infrastructures, Technical Architecture) or Environmental Engineering (Waste and drain treatment, georeferencing and elaboration of territorial data, Hydrology). The course has had an average number of enrolments of about 90 units in the last three years, with a percentage of dropouts or transfers to other courses at the end of the first year of about 25-30%. The average duration of studies is 4.8 years; 83% of graduates continue their studies in a Master's degree course. The main employment opportunities for graduates are:
- companies involved in the construction and maintenance of civil works, civil systems and infrastructures, soil conservation works and monitoring systems;
- professional studios and engineering design companies dealing with construction projects, public buildings and infrastructures, roadways and hydraulic works;
- public offices designing, planning, managing and monitoring urban and territorial systems;
- companies, bodies, consortiums and agencies involved with the management, control and monitoring of the territory and soil conservation;
- technical departments of public and private bodies (i.e., municipalities, provincial government, hospitals).